Blind Charging

Mitigating bias in charging decisions with automated race redaction.

Blind Charging logo

Prosecutors have nearly absolute discretion to charge or dismiss criminal cases. There is concern, however, that these high-stakes judgments may suffer from explicit or implicit racial bias, as with many other such actions in the criminal justice system.

To prevent race from being used in charging decisions, we designed an algorithm that automatically redacts race-related information from free-text case narratives. We have piloted our algorithm at the San Francisco and Yolo County District Attorney offices to help prosecutors make race-obscured charging decisions on thousands of incoming cases. Our analysis shows that the redaction algorithm is able to obscure race-related information close to the theoretical limit.

Blind charging also helps prosecutors demonstrate that they have taken concrete steps to ensure fairness in the charging process, potentially improving perceptions of procedural justice for their constituents. In 2022, legislators in California recognized the success of our pilot deployments and passed AB-2778, which mandates the use of race-obscured charging decisions across the state by 2025.

Hypothetical example of our redaction algorithm A hypothetical example of our redaction algorithm obscuring information that could be used to infer an individual’s race.


Alex Chohlas-Wood

Faculty Co-Director

Madison Coots


Sharad Goel

Faculty Co-Director

Amelia Goodman


Joe Nudell

Lead Engineer

Julian Nyarko


Muskan Walia


Keniel Yao

Data Scientist